beetlehangers.org is a website dedicated to Laboulbeniales study combining observations from online citizen science sources and peer-reviewed publications. In the book titled "Vegetable wasps and plant worms: a popular history of entomogenous fungi, or fungi parasitic upon insects" by Mordecai C. Cooke, 1892.
Mordecai named the order Laboulbeniales "beetle hangers".
Here are a few common names for Laboulbeniales from the book:
- Clawed beetle hanger:Chitonomyces melanurus
- Horned beetle hanger:Heimatomyces paradoxus
- Russian fly hanger:Stigmatomyces muscae
- Whip-end betle hanger:Laboulbenia nebriae
- Common beetle hanger:Laboulbenia rougetii
- Flagellate beetle hanger:Laboulbenia flagellata
- Thick beetle hanger:Laboulbenia vulgaris
- Fan beetle hanger:Laboulbenia luxurians
- Curved beetle hanger:Laboulbenia anceps
- Water-beetle hanger:Laboulbenia guerini
- Tufted beetle hanger:Laboulbenia fasciculata
- Nycteribia hanger:Helminthophana nycteribiae
- Spider hanger:Laboulbenia armillaris Berl.
- Green beetle hanger:Hesperomyces virescens
- Steekmierschimmel [Dutch]:Rickia wasmannii
There is potential to design citizen science initiatives aimed at documenting natural enemy interactions and to provide long-term monitoring data in order to understand how parasite prevalences on the harlequin ladybird change over time. However, we emphasize the complexity of host-parasite systems and adequate resources and support will be required to ensure the success of citizen science. Without additional support, the pool of volunteers for recording ladybird parasites might be substantially smaller than the pool willing to record ladybirds in general. Indeed a UK initiative
to engage people in recording ladybird parasites had very low uptake although the resulting data from the few contributors was of high quality (Comont et al. 2014; Roy and Brown 2015). Also in the USA, an effort is being made to incorporate citizen science submission of Hesperomyces virescens sightings on ladybirds, through the Lost Ladybug Project
. Finally, and interestingly, new reports suggesting a further northward (Canada) and southward (Argentina) spread of the H.axyridis–H. virescens association in the western hemisphere were discovered on digital photo- and biological observation sharing websites Flickr and iNaturalist. Monitoring with a global perspective, with the aid of citizen science efforts, can build an integrated understanding of Harmonia axyridis both for management of biological control, and as a model for the study of IAS.
- Danny Haelewaters, Principal Investigator
- Fred Pan, Web Developer
- Jeffrey Pan, Research Assistant